Andy on Enterprise Software

MDM outside the box

February 27, 2008

MDM is all about connecting up and managing versions of what should be shared data. Generally people worry about their internal systems, since numerous distinct systems in an enterprise typically think that they “own” a particular piece of master data such as customer, product or asset. However, in addition to this it also important to consider external data i.e. data that you do not control within an enterprise but which you still need to relate to your own data. There is more of this than you might imagine, and MDM vendors would be well advised to take account of it. One example is Siperian’s recent link to Standard & Poor’s counter-party data, but there are many other cases. Purisma did such a job of linking to D&B data that D&B bought the company.

Other types of common external data are consumer data from Acxiom or Experian, patient data from IMS, financial and news data from Reuters and doubtless many more, some of which will be industry specific. Mapping such data back to internal systems is an important and non-trivial job e.g. D&B company data changes regularly, so it is more than just a one-off exercise.

MDM platform vendors would be well advised to consider building more such pre-built links to their platforms, as at present there are fairly few such links, yet customers surely will want these more and more as they deploy MDM more widely.

Psst, want a free business modelling tool?

February 20, 2008

Regular readers of this blog may recall that I mentioned the Kalido business modelling tool that was out with Kalido’s new software release. At TDWI Las Vegas yesterday Kalido launched this formally, and made it available for free download. There is also an on-line community set up to support this, in which as well as tool discussion, participants can share and collaborate on business models.

This seems a smart move to me, as by making the tool available for free Kalido will get some publicity for the tool that it would otherwise not get, and of course if people get hooked on the tool then they might wonder: “hey, maybe I could try connecting it up and building a warehouse” at which point, as the saying goes, a sales person will call. This follows the well-proven drug-dealer technique of giving away a free hit of something in order to lure you on to something more powerful and even more addictive in due course.

Business modelling does not get the attention it deserves, so the on-line forum could prove very interesting. The ability to share and improve models with others could turn out to be very appealing to those involved with projects of this nature; after all, essentially it is a source of free consultancy if the forum develops.

Visit to download a copy of the tool.
To join the community visit

A Sideways Glance

February 19, 2008

Vertica is one of the plethora of vendors which have emerged in the analytics “fast database” space pioneered by Teradata and more recently opened up by Netezza. The various vendors take different approaches. Some (e.g. Netezza) have proprietary hardware, some (e.g. Kognitio, Dataupia) are software only, some (e.g. ParAccel) rely mainly on in-memory techniques, others simply use different designs from the traditional designs of the mainstream DBMS vendors (Oracle, DB2).

Vertica (whose CTO is Mike Stonebraker of Ingres and Postgres fame) is in the latter camp. Like Sybase IQ (and Sand) it uses a column-oriented design (i.e., it groups data together by column on disk) rather than the usual row-oriented storage used by Oracle and the like. This approach has a number of advantages for query performance. It reduces disk I/O by only having to read the columns referenced by the query and also by aggressively compressing data within columns. Through use of parallelism across clusters of shared-nothing computers, Vertica databases can scale easily and affordably by adding additional servers to the cluster. Normally the drawback to column-oriented approaches is their relatively slow data load times, but Vertica has some tricks up its sleeve (a mix of in-memory processing which trickle feeds disk updating) which it claims allow load times comparable to, and sometimes better than, row-oriented databases. Vertica comes with an automated design feature that allows DBAs to provide it with the logical schema, plus training data and queries, which it then uses to come up with a physical structure that organizes, compresses and partitions data across the cluster to best match the workload (though ever-wary DBAs can always override this if they think they are smarter). With a standard SQL interface Vertica can work with existing ETL and business intelligence tools such as Business Objects, and has significantly expanded the list of supported vendors in their upcoming 2.0 release.

With so many competing vendors all claiming tens of times better performance than others, the measure that perhaps matters most is not a lab benchmark but customer take-up. Vertica now has 30 customers such as Comcast, BlueCrest Capital Management, NetworkIP, Sonian Networks and LogiXML, and with its upcoming 2.0 release out on 19/2/2008 is doing joint roadshows with some of these. It has done well in Telcos, who have huge data volumes in their call detail records databases. Two deployed Vertica customers have databases approaching 40 TB in size. Another area is financial services, where hedge funds want to backtest their trading algorithms against historical market data. With one year worth of US financial markets data taking up over 2TB, this can quickly add up, and so Vertica has proved popular amongst this community, as well as with marketing companies with large volumes of consumer data to trawl trough. Vertica runs on standard Linux servers, and it has a partnership with HP and Red Hat to provide a pre-bundled appliance, which is available from select HP resellers.

With solid VC backing, a glittering advisory board (Jerry Held, Ray Lane, Don Hadrele,…) and genuine customer traction in an industry long on technology but short on deployed customers, Vertica should be on every vendor short-list for companies with heavy duty analytical requirements which currently stretch performance limits and budgets

A Lively Data Warehouse Appliance

February 15, 2008

DATAllegro was one of the earlier companies to market (2003) in the recent stampede of what I call ”fast databases”, which covers appliances and other approaches to speedy analytics (such as in-memory databases or column-oriented databases). Initially DATAllegro had its own hardware stack (like Netezza) but now uses a more open combination of storage from EMC and Dell Servers (with Cisco InfiniBand Interconnect). It runs on the well proven Ingres database, which has the advantage of being more “tuneable” than some other open databases like MySQL.

The database technology used means that plugging in business intelligence tools is easy, and the product is certified for the major BI tools such as Cognos and Business Objects, and recently Microstrategy. It can also work with Informatica and Ascential Datastage (now IBM) for ETL. Each fast database vendor has its own angle on why its technology is the best, but there are a couple of differentiators that DATAllegro has. One is that it does well in situations of mixed workloads, where as well as queries there are concurrent loads and even updates happening to the database. Another is its new “grid” technology, which allows customers to deal with the age-old compromise of centralised warehouse v decentralised data marts. Centralised is simplest to maintain but creates a bottleneck and creates scale challenges. However de-centralised marts quickly become un-co-ordinated and can lead to lack of business confidence in the data. The DATAllegro grid utilises node-to-node hardware transfer to allow dependent copies of data marts to be maintained from a central data warehouse. With transfer speeds of up to 1 TB a minute (!) claimed, such a deployment allows companies to have their cake and eat it. This technology is in use at one early customer site, and is just being released.

DATAllegro has set its sights firmly at the very high end of data volumes, those encountered by retailers and telcos. One large customer apparently has a live 470 TB database implementation, though since the company is very coy about naming its customers I cannot validate this. Still, this is enough data to give most DBAs sleepless nights, so it is fair to say that this is at the rarefied end of the data volume spectrum. This is territory firmly occupied by Teradata and Netezza (and to a lesser extent Greenplum). The company is tight-lipped about numbers of customers (and I can find only one named customer on its website), revenues and profitability, making it hard to know what market momentum is being achieved. However its technology seems to me to be based on solid foundations and has a large installed base of Teradata customers to attack. Interestingly, Oracle customers can be a harder sell, not because of the technology but because of the weight of stored procedures and triggers that customers have in Oracle’s proprietary extension to the SQL standard, making porting a major issue.

If only DATAllegro can encourage more customers to become public then it will be able to raise its profile further and avoid being painted as a niche vendor. Being secretive over customer and revenue numbers seems to me self-defeating, as it allows competitors to spread fear, uncertainty and doubt: sunlight is the best disinfectant, as Louis Brandeis so wisely said.

Shameless Self Promotion

February 11, 2008

There is an MDM whitepaper which you can download (free with registration) from the Bloor website:

It is a high level overview of the MDM market, and discusses general trends and issues rather than getting into vendor specifics; it does include a new high level functionality model for MDM products. Unsolicited feedback thus far has included:

“Very comprehensive and detailed”
“Great Job”
“Very well written”
“Right on the money”
“One of the best papers I have read on MDM”.

Of course, I may be a little biased, but it may be worth a look…

Thanks to some readers of this blog who provided feedback on my early drafts; much appreciated.

Peeking at Models

February 7, 2008

With its latest release of its data warehouse technology, Kalido has introduced an interesting new twist on business modelling. Previously in a Kalido implementation, as with a custom build warehouse, the design of the warehouse (the hierarchies, fact tables, relationships etc) was done with business users in a whiteboard-style setting. Usually the business model was captured in Visio diagrams (or perhaps Powerpoint) and then the implementation consultant would take the model and implement it in Kalido using the Kalido GUI configuration environment. There is now a new product, a visual modelling tool that is much more than a drawing tool. The new business modeller allows you to draw out relationships, but like a CASE tool (remember those?) it has rules and intelligence built into the diagrams, validating whether relationships defined in the drawing make sense and are valid or otherwise as rules are added to the model.

Once the model is developed and validated, it can be directly applied to a Kalido warehouse, and the necessary physical schemas are built (for example a single entity “Product SKU” will be implemented in staging tables, conformed dimensions and in one or many data marts) . There is no intermediate stage of definition required any more. Crucially, this means that there is no necessity to keep the design diagrams in sync with the model; the model is the warehouse, essentially. For existing Kalido customers (at least those on the latest release), the business modeller works in reverse as well: it can read an existing Kalido warehouse and generate a visual model from that. This has been tested on nine of the scariest, most complex use cases deployed at Kalido customers (in some cases these involve hundreds of business entities and extremely complex hierarchical structures), and seems to work according to early customers of the tool. Some screenshots can be seen here:

In addition to the business modeller Kalido has a tool that better automates its linkage to Business Objects and other BI tools. Kalido has for a long time had the ability to generate a Business Objects universe, a useful feature for those who deploy this BI tool, and more recently extended this to Cognos. In the new release it revamps these bridges using technology from Meta Integration. Given the underlying technology, it will now be a simple matter to extend the generation of BI metadata beyond Business Objects and Cognos to other BI tools as needed, and in principle backwards also into the ETL and data modelling world.

The 8.4 release has a lot of core data warehouse enhancements; indeed this is the largest functional release of the core technology for years. There is now automatic staging area management. This simplifies the process of source extract set-up and further minimises the need for ETL technology in Kalido deployments (Kalido always had an ELT, rather than an ETL philosophy). One neat new feature is the ability to do a “rewind” on a deployed warehouse. As a warehouse is deployed then new data is added and changes may occur to its structure (perhaps new hierarchies). Kalido’s great strength was always its memory of these events, allowing “as is” and “as was” reporting. Version 8.4 goes one step further and allows an administrator to simply roll the warehouse back to a prior date, rather as you would rewind a recording of a movie using your personal video recorder. This includes fully automated rollback of loaded data, structural changes and BI model generation. Don’t try this at home with your custom built warehouse or SAP BW.

This is a key technology release for Kalido, a company who has a track record of innovative technology that has in the past pleased its customers (I know; I used to do the customer satisfaction survey personally when I worked there) but has been let down by shifting marketing messages and patchy sales execution. An expanded US sales team now has a terrific set of technology arrows in its quiver; hopefully it will find the target better in 2008 than it has in the past.

Informatica prospers

February 6, 2008

Informatica shrugged off the US financial services troubles with a strong quarter. Revenue was USD 114M, up 24% year on year, operating profit of USD 25M up 47%. Licence revenue was up 28%, with ten deals over USD 1 million in size.

Informatica continues to prosper as the leading independent ETL tool. IBM’s acquisition of Ascential is rumoured not to have been one of its happier ones, and certainly it seems to have done Informatica no harm at all.